Definition of social cohesion
Social cohesion is a process through which a community establishes and achieves common objectives that benefit all members and its constituent groups.
Social cohesion can be developed in different degrees and can be measured in different ways.
A society with a strong social cohesion is characterized by an equal distribution of wealth, an accessible social mobility for all, the respect of our differences and our identities, and a strong engagement and participation ratio.
A society with a strong social cohesion is capable of representing itself in its diversity and its institutions are able to ensure a mediation of disputes and conflicts. The various members and groups that form society feel included and entitled to actively contribute to its florescence.
Indicators of social cohesion
- Voting levels
- Representivity of elected officials and government officials
- Participation in municipal meetings and local assemblies
- Levels of trust in the government and government agents
- Perceptions of belonging
- Levels of volunteerism, memberships in community organizations, and charitable donations
- Access to housing
- Access to healthcare
- Intergenerational fairness
- Access to education and professional training
- Social mobility and equality
- Income inequality
- Satisfaction with living standards and attitudes towards the future
- Levels of access to basic services
- Level of preconceptions and prejudices about others
- Perceptions of prejudice and discrimination against self
- Existence of means of resolving conflicts between groups
- Access to art and culture
- Representation of various identities n culture and media