Social Cohesion2018-10-24T23:26:29+00:00

Social Cohesion

Definition of social cohesion

Social cohesion is a process through which a community establishes and achieves common objectives that benefit all members and its constituent groups.

Social cohesion can be developed in different degrees and can be measured in different ways.

A society with a strong social cohesion is characterized by an equal distribution of wealth, an accessible social mobility for all, the respect of our differences and our identities, and a strong engagement and participation ratio. 

A society with a strong social cohesion is capable of representing itself in its diversity and its institutions are able to ensure a mediation of disputes and conflicts. The various members and groups that form society feel included and entitled to actively contribute to its florescence.

Indicators of social cohesion

Political:

  • Voting levels
  • Representivity of elected officials and government officials
  • Participation in municipal meetings and local assemblies
  • Levels of trust in the government and government agents

Social:

  • Perceptions of belonging
  • Levels of volunteerism, memberships in community organizations, and charitable donations
  • Access to housing
  • Access to healthcare
  • Intergenerational fairness
  • Access to education and professional training

Economic:

  • Social mobility and equality
  • Income inequality
  • Satisfaction with living standards and attitudes towards the future
  • Levels of access to basic services

Cultural:

  • Level of preconceptions and prejudices about others
  • Perceptions of prejudice and discrimination against self
  • Existence of means of resolving conflicts between groups
  • Access to art and culture
  • Representation of various identities n culture and media

Resources and links

New Brunwick Health Council